Summary data
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Luzon island group
Total local government units
Population (2015)57,470,097
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Luzon is the most populated of the three island groups making up the Philippine Archipelago. Its largest islands are the Luzon landmass, Palawan, Mindoro, Masbate, and Catanduanes. The island group is bordered, clockwise from the North, by the Luzon Strait (Bashi Channel), Philippine Sea,San Bernardino Strait, Samar Sea, Visayan Sea, Jintotolo Channel, Sibuyan Sea, Tablas Strait, Sulu Sea, Balabac Strait, and the South China Sea.

As of 2015, Luzon had a total population of 57,470,097, representing 56.91% of the entire population of the Philippines.

Map of regions

Luzon has eight (8) regions, namely, Region I (Ilocos Region), Region II (Cagayan Valley), Region III (Central Luzon), Region IV‑A (CALABARZON), MIMAROPA Region, Region V (Bicol Region), Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) where Manila, the nation's capital city, is located.

Table of regions

The regions of Luzon encompass a total of thirty-eight (38) provinces, with an aggregate of seventy-three (73) cities, and 698 municipalities. The total number of barangays in the island group is 20,508.

Historical population

The population of Luzon grew from 14,061,448 in 1960 to 57,470,097 in 2015, an increase of 43,408,649 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 1.79%, or an increase of 5,107,098 people, from the previous population of 52,362,999 in 2010.

Census datePopulationGrowth rate
1903 Mar 24,101,516
1918 Dec 315,397,4011.75%
1939 Jan 18,165,7782.09%
1948 Oct 19,876,2631.97%
1960 Feb 1514,061,4483.16%
1970 May 619,688,1003.35%
1975 May 122,790,2742.98%
1980 May 126,080,6942.73%
1990 May 133,357,8872.49%
1995 Sep 138,249,7762.60%
2000 May 142,822,6862.45%
2007 Aug 149,799,9652.10%
2010 May 152,362,9991.84%
2015 Aug 157,470,0971.79%


  1. Historical population derived from the sum of populations of regions currently under the island group. These region populations are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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