Besao, Mountain Province

Summary data
Typemunicipality
Island groupLuzon
RegionCordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
ProvinceMountain Province
Barangay count14
Postal code2618
Coastal/Landlockedlandlocked
Marine waterbodiesnone (landlocked)
Area (2007)173.62 km2 (67.04 sq mi)
Population (2015)7,040
Density (2015)41 / km2 (105 / sq mi)
Coordinates17° 6' North, 120° 51' East (17.0952, 120.8560)
Estimated elevation above sea level1,393.8 meters (4,571.6 feet)

Besao is a municipality in the landlocked province of Mountain Province.

The municipality has a land area of 173.62 square kilometers or 67.04 square miles which constitutes 8.05% of Mountain Province's total area. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 7,040. This represented 4.55% of the total population of Mountain Province, or 0.41% of the overall population of the Cordillera Administrative Region. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 41 inhabitants per square kilometer or 105 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangays

Besao has 14 barangays as shown in the following table.

Demographic profile of barangays
BarangayPopulation percentage (2015)Population (2015)Population (2010)Change (2010‑2015)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)
Agawa5.68%400431-7.19%-1.41%
Ambaguio3.64%256349-26.65%-5.73%
Banguitan9.50%6696276.70%1.24%
Besao East4.53%319356-10.39%-2.07%
Besao West5.50%387493-21.50%-4.50%
Catengan8.04%566733-22.78%-4.80%
Gueday9.70%683748-8.69%-1.72%
Kin‑iway11.22%7907505.33%0.99%
Lacmaan3.00%211263-19.77%-4.11%
Laylaya11.38%801901-11.10%-2.22%
Padangan6.61%465499-6.81%-1.33%
Payeo5.92%417540-22.78%-4.80%
Suquib4.46%314325-3.38%-0.65%
Tamboan10.82%762803-5.11%-0.99%
Besao Total7,0407,818-9.95%-1.98%

Historical population

The population of Besao fell from 8,174 in 1960 to 7,040 in 2015, a decrease of 1,134 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a negative growth rate of 1.98%, or a decrease of 778 people, from the previous population of 7,818 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
8,174
9,2861.26%
7,051-5.38%
9,0935.22%
8,473-0.70%
9,1471.44%
9,8751.66%
7,295-4.09%
7,8182.55%
7,040-1.98%

Location

The municipal center of Besao is situated at approximately 17° 6' North, 120° 51' East, in the island of Luzon. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 1,393.8 meters or 4,571.6 feet above mean sea level.


Distances

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to Besao are Candon, Tabuk, Vigan, San Fernando, Baguio, and Santiago. The nearest municipalities are Sagada, Tadian, Bauko, Sabangan, Bontoc, and Cervantes. Its distance from the national capital is 277.47 kilometers (172.41 miles). The following list delineates such distance measurements.

great-circle distance

Nearest towns

Nearest cities

  • Candon, Ilocos Sur, 44.71 kilometers (27.78 miles) to the West‑Northwest (N76°W)
  • Tabuk, Kalinga, 71.77 kilometers (44.60 miles) to the East‑Northeast (N60°E)
  • Vigan, Ilocos Sur, 72.69 kilometers (45.17 miles) to the Northwest (N43°W)
  • San Fernando, La Union, 78.38 kilometers (48.71 miles) to the Southwest (S47°W)
  • Baguio, 80.63 kilometers (50.10 miles) to the South‑Southwest (S20°W)
  • Santiago, Isabela, 86.13 kilometers (53.52 miles) to the East‑Southeast (S58°E)

Distance from Manila: 277.47 kilometers (172.41 miles) to the South (S3°E)

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 7,040, ranked 1,583 out of 1,634
  • Land area (2007): 67.04 square kilometers, ranked 645 out of 1,634
  • Population density (2015): 41 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 1,549 out of 1,634
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): -1.98%, ranked 1,622 out of 1,634

Notes

  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Postal codes are from the Philippine Postal Corporation.
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