San Fernando, Province of La Union

Summary data
Typecity (component)
Island groupLuzon
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceLa Union
Barangay count59
Postal code2500
Coastal/Landlockedcoastal
Marine waterbodiesSouth China Sea
Area (2007)102.72 km2 (39.66 sq mi)
Population (2015)121,812
Density (2015)1,186 / km2 (3,071 / sq mi)
Coordinates16° 37' North, 120° 19' East (16.6145, 120.3158)
Estimated elevation above sea level12.2 meters (39.9 feet)

San Fernando is a coastal component city in the province of La Union. It serves as the provincial capital as well as the regional center of the Ilocos Region.

The city has a land area of 102.72 square kilometers or 39.66 square miles which constitutes 6.86% of La Union's total area. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 121,812. This represented 15.48% of the total population of La Union province, or 2.42% of the overall population of the Ilocos Region. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 1,186 inhabitants per square kilometer or 3,071 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangays

San Fernando has 59 barangays as shown in the following table.

Demographic profile of barangays
BarangayPopulation percentage (2015)Population (2015)Population (2010)Change (2010‑2015)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)
Abut0.45%5435116.26%1.16%
Apaleng0.37%454458-0.87%-0.17%
Bacsil0.47%568607-6.43%-1.26%
Bangbangolan0.49%5935900.51%0.10%
Bangcusay1.15%1,4021,3394.71%0.88%
Barangay I1.82%2,2162,1921.09%0.21%
Barangay II0.40%4874752.53%0.48%
Barangay III0.31%38329430.27%5.16%
Barangay IV0.57%695805-13.66%-2.76%
Baraoas0.84%1,0199803.98%0.75%
Bato0.86%1,0469895.76%1.07%
Biday3.26%3,9673,31719.60%3.47%
Birunget0.44%53946416.16%2.89%
Bungro1.20%1,4671,27215.33%2.75%
Cabaroan2.70%3,2883,405-3.44%-0.66%
Cabarsican0.35%4264230.71%0.13%
Cadaclan1.27%1,5471,4466.98%1.29%
Calabugao0.36%437447-2.24%-0.43%
Camansi0.76%9308716.77%1.26%
Canaoay1.35%1,6471,6102.30%0.43%
Carlatan2.02%2,4612,4430.74%0.14%
Catbangen8.03%9,7819,857-0.77%-0.15%
Dallangayan Este1.08%1,3151,2812.65%0.50%
Dallangayan Oeste1.82%2,2181,74627.03%4.66%
Dalumpinas Este1.19%1,4551,3735.97%1.11%
Dalumpinas Oeste1.30%1,5871,4668.25%1.52%
Ilocanos Norte1.12%1,3681,372-0.29%-0.06%
Ilocanos Sur2.26%2,7552,7211.25%0.24%
Langcuas1.50%1,8251,6679.48%1.74%
Lingsat5.98%7,2867,0193.80%0.71%
Madayegdeg1.45%1,7621,830-3.72%-0.72%
Mameltac1.22%1,4831,3728.09%1.49%
Masicong0.41%49843514.48%2.61%
Nagyubuyuban1.09%1,3291,2268.40%1.55%
Namtutan0.66%8087724.66%0.87%
Narra Este0.40%4914900.20%0.04%
Narra Oeste0.57%70054628.21%4.84%
Pacpaco0.76%9319112.20%0.41%
Pagdalagan2.72%3,3113,2212.79%0.53%
Pagdaraoan2.23%2,7112,03133.48%5.65%
Pagudpud1.81%2,2102,1552.55%0.48%
Pao Norte0.52%630662-4.83%-0.94%
Pao Sur0.33%399403-0.99%-0.19%
Parian3.00%3,6503,31310.17%1.86%
Pias1.15%1,3971,26210.70%1.95%
Poro5.51%6,7116,6261.28%0.24%
Puspus0.39%4804751.05%0.20%
Sacyud0.52%62955014.36%2.59%
Sagayad2.35%2,8612,7474.15%0.78%
San Agustin1.81%2,2041,94313.43%2.43%
San Francisco2.82%3,4323,04012.89%2.34%
San Vicente2.03%2,4712,4072.66%0.50%
Santiago Norte3.22%3,9283,32818.03%3.21%
Santiago Sur1.48%1,8081,7433.73%0.70%
Saoay0.69%84174113.50%2.44%
Sevilla9.42%11,47010,6128.09%1.49%
Siboan‑Otong0.72%87878711.56%2.11%
Tanqui4.11%5,0104,9072.10%0.40%
Tanquigan0.88%1,0749888.70%1.60%
San Fernando Total121,812114,9635.96%1.11%

Historical population

The population of San Fernando grew from 37,836 in 1960 to 121,812 in 2015, an increase of 83,976 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 1.11%, or an increase of 6,849 people, from the previous population of 114,963 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
37,836
52,5973.27%
61,1663.07%
68,4102.26%
84,9492.19%
91,9431.49%
102,0822.27%
114,8131.63%
114,9630.05%
121,8121.11%

Location

The city center of San Fernando is situated at approximately 16° 37' North, 120° 19' East, in the island of Luzon. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 12.2 meters or 39.9 feet above mean sea level.


Distances

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to San Fernando are Baguio, Alaminos, Dagupan, Candon, Urdaneta, and San Carlos. The nearest municipalities are San Juan, Bauang, San Gabriel, Bacnotan, Naguilian, and Bagulin. Its distance from the national capital is 235.00 kilometers (146.03 miles). The following list delineates such distance measurements.

great-circle distance

Nearest towns

Nearest cities

Distance from Manila: 235.00 kilometers (146.03 miles) to the South‑Southeast (S18°E)

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 121,812, ranked 132 out of 1,634
  • Land area (2007): 39.66 square kilometers, ranked 1,028 out of 1,634
  • Population density (2015): 1,186 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 138 out of 1,634
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): 1.11%, ranked 983 out of 1,634

Notes

  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Postal codes are from the Philippine Postal Corporation.
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