Besao, Province of Mountain Province

Summary data
Typemunicipality
Island groupLuzon
RegionCordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
ProvinceMountain Province
Barangay count14
Postal code2618
Coastal/Landlockedlandlocked
Marine waterbodiesnone (landlocked)
Philippine major island(s)Luzon
Area (2007)173.62 km2 (67.04 sq mi)
Population (2015)7,040
Density (2015)41 / km2 (105 / sq mi)
Coordinates17° 6' North, 120° 51' East (17.0952, 120.8560)
Estimated elevation above sea level1,393.8 meters (4,571.6 feet)

Besao is a municipality in the landlocked province of Mountain Province.

The municipality has a land area of 173.62 square kilometers or 67.04 square miles which constitutes 8.05% of Mountain Province's total area. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 7,040. This represented 4.55% of the total population of Mountain Province, or 0.41% of the overall population of the Cordillera Administrative Region. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 41 inhabitants per square kilometer or 105 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangays

Besao has 14 barangays as shown in the following table.

Demographic profile of barangays
BarangayPopulation percentage (2015)Population (2015)Population (2010)Change (2010‑2015)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)
Agawa5.68%400431-7.19%-1.41%
Ambaguio3.64%256349-26.65%-5.73%
Banguitan9.50%6696276.70%1.24%
Besao East4.53%319356-10.39%-2.07%
Besao West5.50%387493-21.50%-4.50%
Catengan8.04%566733-22.78%-4.80%
Gueday9.70%683748-8.69%-1.72%
Kin‑iway11.22%7907505.33%0.99%
Lacmaan3.00%211263-19.77%-4.11%
Laylaya11.38%801901-11.10%-2.22%
Padangan6.61%465499-6.81%-1.33%
Payeo5.92%417540-22.78%-4.80%
Suquib4.46%314325-3.38%-0.65%
Tamboan10.82%762803-5.11%-0.99%
Besao Total7,0407,818-9.95%-1.98%

Economy

According to the Bureau of Local Government Finance, the annual regular revenue of Besao for the fiscal year of 2016 was 58,849,629.20.

details
Fiscal YearAnnual Regular IncomeChange
200934,087,683.11
201035,879,931.275.26%
201138,779,231.978.08%
201237,618,203.51-2.99%
201341,787,224.0811.08%
201447,146,478.6412.83%
201553,521,147.6813.52%
201658,849,629.209.96%

End notes:

  • Annual Regular Income = Locally Sourced Revenue + Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Current Year + Other Shares from National Tax Collection
  • Locally Sourced Revenue = Real Property Tax (General Fund) + Tax on Business + Other Taxes + Regulatory Fees + Service/User Charges + Receipts from Economic Enterprises

Demographics

Population by age group

According to the 2015 Census, the age group with the highest population in Besao is 10 to 14, with 826 individuals. Conversely, the age group with the lowest population is Under 1, with 104 individuals.

details
Age groupPopulation (2015)
Under 1104
1 to 4560
5 to 9751
10 to 14826
15 to 19701
20 to 24553
25 to 29527
30 to 34490
35 to 39394
40 to 44364
45 to 49348
50 to 54319
55 to 59302
60 to 64218
65 to 69179
70 to 74140
75 to 79125
80 and over139
Total7,040

Historical population

The population of Besao fell from 8,174 in 1960 to 7,040 in 2015, a decrease of 1,134 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a negative growth rate of 1.98%, or a decrease of 778 people, from the previous population of 7,818 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
8,174
9,2861.26%
7,051-5.38%
9,0935.22%
8,473-0.70%
9,1471.44%
9,8751.66%
7,295-4.09%
7,8182.55%
7,040-1.98%

Location

The municipal center of Besao is situated at approximately 17° 6' North, 120° 51' East, in the island of Luzon. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 1,393.8 meters or 4,571.6 feet above mean sea level.


Distances

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to Besao are Candon, Tabuk, Vigan, San Fernando, Baguio, and Santiago. The nearest municipalities are Sagada, Tadian, Bauko, Sabangan, Bontoc, and Cervantes. Its distance from the national capital is 277.47 kilometers (172.41 miles). The following list delineates such distance measurements.

great-circle distance

Nearest towns

Nearest cities

  • Candon, Ilocos Sur, 44.71 kilometers (27.78 miles) to the West‑Northwest (N76°W)
  • Tabuk, Kalinga, 71.77 kilometers (44.60 miles) to the East‑Northeast (N60°E)
  • Vigan, Ilocos Sur, 72.69 kilometers (45.17 miles) to the Northwest (N43°W)
  • San Fernando, La Union, 78.38 kilometers (48.71 miles) to the Southwest (S47°W)
  • Baguio, 80.63 kilometers (50.10 miles) to the South‑Southwest (S20°W)
  • Santiago, Isabela, 86.13 kilometers (53.52 miles) to the East‑Southeast (S58°E)

Distance from Manila: 277.47 kilometers (172.41 miles) to the South (S3°E)

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 7,040, ranked 1,538 out of 1,634
  • Land area (2007): 67.04 square kilometers, ranked 617 out of 1,634
  • Population density (2015): 41 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 1,504 out of 1,634
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): -1.98%, ranked 596 out of 1,634

Notes

  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Data on annual regular income is from the Bureau of Local Government Finance, Department of Finance
  3. Postal code information is from the Philippine Postal Corporation.
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