Bontoc, Province of Mountain Province

Summary data
Typemunicipality
Island groupLuzon
RegionCordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
ProvinceMountain Province
Barangay count16
Postal code2616
Coastal/Landlockedlandlocked
Marine waterbodiesnone (landlocked)
Philippine major island(s)Luzon
Area (2007)396.10 km2 (152.94 sq mi)
Population (2015)24,643
Density (2015)62 / km2 (161 / sq mi)
Coordinates17° 5' North, 120° 59' East (17.0891, 120.9773)
Estimated elevation above sea level863.3 meters (2,831.7 feet)

Bontoc is a municipality in the landlocked province of Mountain Province. It serves as the provincial capital.

The municipality has a land area of 396.10 square kilometers or 152.94 square miles which constitutes 18.36% of Mountain Province's total area. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 24,643. This represented 15.94% of the total population of Mountain Province, or 1.43% of the overall population of the Cordillera Administrative Region. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 62 inhabitants per square kilometer or 161 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangays

Bontoc has 16 barangays as shown in the following table.

Demographic profile of barangays
BarangayPopulation percentage (2015)Population (2015)Population (2010)Change (2010‑2015)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)
Alab Oriente2.50%61552317.59%3.13%
Alab Proper3.62%8928485.19%0.97%
Balili1.91%47040316.63%2.97%
Bayyo1.42%35028224.11%4.20%
Bontoc Ili20.23%4,9854,987-0.04%-0.01%
Calutit10.54%2,5982,5103.51%0.66%
Caneo2.45%604616-1.95%-0.37%
Dalican3.59%885990-10.61%-2.11%
Gonogon2.26%557659-15.48%-3.15%
Guinaang6.28%1,5471,4576.18%1.15%
Mainit4.88%1,2031,06712.75%2.31%
Maligcong2.87%708842-15.91%-3.25%
Poblacion12.54%3,0913,0302.01%0.38%
Samoki13.05%3,2152,88111.59%2.11%
Talubin6.79%1,6731,5944.96%0.93%
Tocucan5.07%1,2501,291-3.18%-0.61%
Bontoc Total24,64323,9802.76%0.52%

Economy

According to the Bureau of Local Government Finance, the annual regular revenue of Bontoc for the fiscal year of 2016 was 123,441,548.36.

details
Fiscal YearAnnual Regular IncomeChange
200971,223,059.28
201075,229,331.735.62%
201180,793,018.507.40%
201279,619,744.78-1.45%
201387,246,227.559.58%
2014100,311,914.2314.98%
2015113,094,795.5512.74%
2016123,441,548.369.15%

End notes:

  • Annual Regular Income = Locally Sourced Revenue + Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Current Year + Other Shares from National Tax Collection
  • Locally Sourced Revenue = Real Property Tax (General Fund) + Tax on Business + Other Taxes + Regulatory Fees + Service/User Charges + Receipts from Economic Enterprises

Demographics

Population by age group

According to the 2015 Census, the age group with the highest population in Bontoc is 15 to 19, with 2,888 individuals. Conversely, the age group with the lowest population is Under 1, with 372 individuals.

details
Age groupPopulation (2015)
Under 1372
1 to 41,689
5 to 92,286
10 to 142,490
15 to 192,888
20 to 242,670
25 to 291,930
30 to 341,594
35 to 391,364
40 to 441,219
45 to 491,335
50 to 541,149
55 to 591,014
60 to 64782
65 to 69616
70 to 74451
75 to 79396
80 and over398
Total24,643

Historical population

The population of Bontoc grew from 16,301 in 1960 to 24,643 in 2015, an increase of 8,342 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 0.52%, or an increase of 663 people, from the previous population of 23,980 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
16,301
16,9010.35%
17,4760.67%
17,091-0.44%
17,7160.36%
21,1923.41%
22,3081.11%
24,7981.47%
23,980-1.21%
24,6430.52%

Location

The municipal center of Bontoc is situated at approximately 17° 5' North, 120° 59' East, in the island of Luzon. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 863.3 meters or 2,831.7 feet above mean sea level.


Distances

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to Bontoc are Candon, Tabuk, Santiago, Vigan, Baguio, and Cauayan. The nearest municipalities are Sagada, Sadanga, Sabangan, Besao, Barlig, and Bauko. Its distance from the national capital is 276.48 kilometers (171.79 miles). The following list delineates such distance measurements.

great-circle distance

Nearest towns

Nearest cities

  • Candon, Ilocos Sur, 57.47 kilometers (35.71 miles) to the West‑Northwest (N79°W)
  • Tabuk, Kalinga, 61.26 kilometers (38.07 miles) to the Northeast (N54°E)
  • Santiago, Isabela, 75.03 kilometers (46.62 miles) to the Southeast (S54°E)
  • Vigan, Ilocos Sur, 82.51 kilometers (51.27 miles) to the Northwest (N49°W)
  • Baguio, 85.39 kilometers (53.06 miles) to the South‑Southwest (S29°W)
  • Cauayan, Isabela, 85.77 kilometers (53.30 miles) to the East‑Southeast (S79°E)

Distance from Manila: 276.48 kilometers (171.79 miles) to the South (S0°E)

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 24,643, ranked 1,065 out of 1,634
  • Land area (2007): 152.94 square kilometers, ranked 210 out of 1,634
  • Population density (2015): 62 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 1,432 out of 1,634
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): 0.52%, ranked 1,450 out of 1,634

Notes

  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Data on annual regular income is from the Bureau of Local Government Finance, Department of Finance
  3. Postal code information is from the Philippine Postal Corporation.
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