Laoag, Province of Ilocos Norte

Summary data
Typecity (component)
Island groupLuzon
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceIlocos Norte
Barangay count80
Postal code2900
Marine waterbodiesSouth China Sea
Philippine major island(s)Luzon
Area (2007)116.08 km2 (44.82 sq mi)
Population (2015)111,125
Density (2015)957 / km2 (2,479 / sq mi)
Coordinates18° 12' North, 120° 36' East (18.1973, 120.5935)
Estimated elevation above sea level12.5 meters (41.1 feet)

Laoag is a coastal component city in the province of Ilocos Norte. It serves as the provincial capital.

The city has a land area of 116.08 square kilometers or 44.82 square miles which constitutes 3.35% of Ilocos Norte's total area. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 111,125. This represented 18.74% of the total population of Ilocos Norte province, or 2.21% of the overall population of the Ilocos Region. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 957 inhabitants per square kilometer or 2,479 inhabitants per square mile.


Laoag has 80 barangays as shown in the following table.

Demographic profile of barangays
BarangayPopulation percentage (2015)Population (2015)Population (2010)Change (2010‑2015)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)
Barangay No. 1, San Lorenzo4.26%4,7334,3917.79%1.44%
Barangay No. 10, San Jose0.90%1,0059931.21%0.23%
Barangay No. 11, Santa Balbina1.23%1,3651,3223.25%0.61%
Barangay No. 12, San Isidro1.45%1,6071,6030.25%0.05%
Barangay No. 13, Nuestra Señora de Visitacion1.30%1,4431,19320.96%3.69%
Barangay No. 14, Santo Tomas1.03%1,1471,389-17.42%-3.58%
Barangay No. 15, San Guillermo0.99%1,0981,0365.98%1.11%
Barangay No. 16, San Jacinto0.95%1,0601,0401.92%0.36%
Barangay No. 17, San Francisco0.64%7086715.51%1.03%
Barangay No. 18, San Quirino0.65%723834-13.31%-2.68%
Barangay No. 19, Santa Marcela1.03%1,1441,1013.91%0.73%
Barangay No. 2, Santa Joaquina2.31%2,5682,3678.49%1.56%
Barangay No. 20, San Miguel0.93%1,0299399.58%1.76%
Barangay No. 21, San Pedro1.21%1,3491,2616.98%1.29%
Barangay No. 22, San Andres0.96%1,0651,170-8.97%-1.77%
Barangay No. 23, San Matias2.57%2,8572,29524.49%4.26%
Barangay No. 24, Nuestra Señora de Consolacion0.95%1,0549797.66%1.42%
Barangay No. 25, Santa Cayetana1.08%1,2011,0949.78%1.79%
Barangay No. 26, San Marcelino0.87%9631,067-9.75%-1.93%
Barangay No. 27, Nuestra Señora de Soledad1.46%1,6181,4789.47%1.74%
Barangay No. 28, San Bernardo1.58%1,7581,6566.16%1.14%
Barangay No. 29, Santo Tomas1.20%1,3301,3260.30%0.06%
Barangay No. 3, Nuestra Señora del Rosario1.07%1,1891,191-0.17%-0.03%
Barangay No. 30‑A, Suyo0.69%7627610.13%0.03%
Barangay No. 30‑B, Santa Maria1.36%1,5161,26020.32%3.58%
Barangay No. 31, Talingaan1.45%1,6161,4858.82%1.62%
Barangay No. 32‑A, La Paz East1.29%1,4331,3218.48%1.56%
Barangay No. 32‑B, La Paz West0.96%1,0651,0313.30%0.62%
Barangay No. 32‑C La Paz East1.52%1,6931,52111.31%2.06%
Barangay No. 33‑A, La Paz Proper1.00%1,11384132.34%5.48%
Barangay No. 33‑B, La Paz Proper0.95%1,0521,0302.14%0.40%
Barangay No. 34‑A, Gabu Norte West0.70%7777730.52%0.10%
Barangay No. 34‑B, Gabu Norte East1.11%1,2301,1774.50%0.84%
Barangay No. 35, Gabu Sur1.60%1,7781,6925.08%0.95%
Barangay No. 36, Araniw0.79%8738107.78%1.44%
Barangay No. 37, Calayab1.87%2,0811,88910.16%1.86%
Barangay No. 38‑A, Mangato East0.94%1,04091713.41%2.43%
Barangay No. 38‑B, Mangato West1.07%1,1881,0918.89%1.63%
Barangay No. 39, Santa Rosa0.71%7897751.81%0.34%
Barangay No. 4, San Guillermo1.13%1,2561,1439.89%1.81%
Barangay No. 40, Balatong2.39%2,6592,6380.80%0.15%
Barangay No. 41, Balacad1.28%1,4221,3872.52%0.48%
Barangay No. 42, Apaya0.82%9168922.69%0.51%
Barangay No. 43, Cavit0.98%1,0861,0513.33%0.63%
Barangay No. 44, Zamboanga1.20%1,3311,2595.72%1.06%
Barangay No. 45, Tangid0.90%9979910.61%0.11%
Barangay No. 46, Nalbo2.16%2,4012,2247.96%1.47%
Barangay No. 47, Bengcag1.69%1,8741,8173.14%0.59%
Barangay No. 48‑A, Cabungaan North1.61%1,7881,7194.01%0.75%
Barangay No. 48‑B, Cabungaan South1.11%1,2391,2261.06%0.20%
Barangay No. 49‑A, Darayday0.88%97674131.71%5.38%
Barangay No. 49‑B, Raraburan1.49%1,6581,5129.66%1.77%
Barangay No. 5, San Pedro1.55%1,7231,7160.41%0.08%
Barangay No. 50, Buttong2.74%3,0442,73411.34%2.07%
Barangay No. 51‑A, Nangalisan East1.36%1,5101,5090.07%0.01%
Barangay No. 51‑B, Nangalisan West0.73%81470615.30%2.75%
Barangay No. 52‑A, San Mateo0.57%6296290.00%0.00%
Barangay No. 52‑B, Lataag0.79%8768483.30%0.62%
Barangay No. 53, Rioeng1.45%1,6161,45910.76%1.96%
Barangay No. 54‑A, Lagui‑Sail2.13%2,3722,1997.87%1.45%
Barangay No. 54‑B, Camangaan0.90%1,0059209.24%1.70%
Barangay No. 55‑A, Barit‑Pandan2.01%2,2332,1175.48%1.02%
Barangay No. 55‑B, Salet‑Bulangon2.27%2,5212,3298.24%1.52%
Barangay No. 55‑C, Vira1.24%1,3771,22612.32%2.24%
Barangay No. 56‑A, Bacsil North0.86%9519055.08%0.95%
Barangay No. 56‑B, Bacsil South1.21%1,3491,2517.83%1.45%
Barangay No. 57, Pila1.68%1,8661,7615.96%1.11%
Barangay No. 58, Casili0.87%96486211.83%2.15%
Barangay No. 59‑A, Dibua South0.99%1,1001,0118.80%1.62%
Barangay No. 59‑B, Dibua North0.78%86575614.42%2.60%
Barangay No. 6, San Agustin1.23%1,3711,451-5.51%-1.07%
Barangay No. 60‑A, Caaoacan1.29%1,4301,3297.60%1.40%
Barangay No. 60‑B, Madiladig1.32%1,4691,489-1.34%-0.26%
Barangay No. 61, Cataban0.69%7667295.08%0.95%
Barangay No. 62‑A, Navotas North0.72%796808-1.49%-0.28%
Barangay No. 62‑B, Navotas South0.82%912936-2.56%-0.49%
Barangay No. 7‑A, Nuestra Señora de Natividad1.02%1,1311,0854.24%0.79%
Barangay No. 7‑B, Nuestra Señora de Natividad0.87%9689610.73%0.14%
Barangay No. 8, San Vicente0.94%1,0421,0251.66%0.31%
Barangay No. 9, Santa Angela0.72%8027832.43%0.46%
Laoag Total111,125104,9045.93%1.10%


The annual regular revenue of Laoag for the fiscal year of 2016 was 636,971,584.19.

Fiscal YearAnnual Regular IncomeChange

End notes:

  • Annual Regular Income = Locally Sourced Revenue + Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Current Year + Other Shares from National Tax Collection
  • Locally Sourced Revenue = Real Property Tax (General Fund) + Tax on Business + Other Taxes + Regulatory Fees + Service/User Charges + Receipts from Economic Enterprises


Population by age group

According to the 2015 Census, the age group with the highest population in Laoag is 15 to 19, with 10,108 individuals. Conversely, the age group with the lowest population is 75 to 79, with 1,549 individuals.

Age groupPopulation (2015)
Under 11,938
1 to 47,982
5 to 99,906
10 to 149,955
15 to 1910,108
20 to 249,693
25 to 299,095
30 to 348,881
35 to 398,169
40 to 447,072
45 to 496,498
50 to 545,501
55 to 594,564
60 to 643,694
65 to 692,776
70 to 742,047
75 to 791,549
80 and over1,697

Historical population

The population of Laoag grew from 50,198 in 1960 to 111,125 in 2015, an increase of 60,927 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 1.10%, or an increase of 6,221 people, from the previous population of 104,904 in 2010.

Census datePopulationGrowth rate


The city center of Laoag is situated at approximately 18° 12' North, 120° 36' East, in the island of Luzon. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 12.5 meters or 41.1 feet above mean sea level.


Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to Laoag are Batac, Vigan, Candon, Tabuk, Tuguegarao, and San Fernando. The nearest municipalities are San Nicolas, Bacarra, Vintar, Sarrat, Piddig, and Pasuquin. Its distance from the national capital is 401.26 kilometers (249.33 miles). The following list delineates such distance measurements.

great-circle distance

Nearest towns

Nearest cities

Distance from Manila: 401.26 kilometers (249.33 miles) to the South (S6°E)

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 111,125, ranked 73 out of 1,634
  • Land area (2007): 44.82 square kilometers, ranked 402 out of 1,634
  • Population density (2015): 957 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 61 out of 1,634
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): 1.10%, ranked 1,035 out of 1,634


  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Data on annual regular income is from the Bureau of Local Government Finance, Department of Finance
  3. Postal code information is from the Philippine Postal Corporation.
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