Cebu

Summary data
Map of the Philippines highlighting Cebu
Typeprovince
Island groupVisayas
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
Highly urbanized cities3
Cities6
Municipalities44
Barangays [note]1,066
Coastal/Landlockedcoastal
Marine waterbodiesVisayan Sea, Camotes Sea, Cebu Strait, Tañon Strait
Area (2007) [note]4,943.72 km2 (1,908.78 sq mi)
Population (2015) [note]2,938,982
Density (2015) [note]594 / km2 (1,540 / sq mi)
[note] Figures exclude highly urbanized cities

Cebu is a province in the Philippines situated in the Central Visayas region occupying the central section of the Visayas.

The province has a land area of 4,943.72 square kilometers or 1,908.78 square miles. Its population as determined by the 2015 Census was 2,938,982. This represented 39.73% of the total population of the Central Visayas region, 15.17% of the overall population of the Visayas island group, or 2.91% of the entire population of the Philippines. Based on these figures, the population density is computed at 594 inhabitants per square kilometer or 1,540 inhabitants per square mile.

Map

Cebu is bordered, clockwise from the North, by Visayan Sea, Camotes Sea, Cebu Strait, and the Tañon Strait.

details

Local government units

Cebu has 44 municipalities and 6 cities. The total number of barangays in the province is 1,066. Commonly grouped with the province are 3 highly urbanized cities, namely, Cebu City, which serves as the provincial capital, Mandaue and Lapu-Lapu.

details
NameTypePopulation (2015)Population (2010)Annual Population Growth Rate (2010‑2015)Area (2007), in km2Density (2015), per km2Brgy count
Alcantaramunicipality15,16013,5562.15%35.204319
Alcoymunicipality16,97914,7572.71%61.632758
Alegriamunicipality23,30022,0721.04%89.492609
Aloguinsanmunicipality32,10027,6502.88%61.9251815
Argaomunicipality72,36669,5030.77%191.5037845
Asturiasmunicipality47,85744,7321.29%190.4525127
Badianmunicipality37,91237,6990.11%110.0734429
Balambanmunicipality87,17771,2373.92%333.5626128
Bantayanmunicipality79,08474,7851.07%81.6896825
Barilimunicipality73,86265,5242.31%122.2160442
Bogocity (CC)78,12069,9112.14%103.5275529
Boljoonmunicipality16,34415,0271.61%117.0014011
Borbonmunicipality35,52631,5982.26%120.9429419
Carcarcity (CC)119,664107,3232.09%116.781,02515
Carmenmunicipality51,32544,6482.69%84.7860521
Catmonmunicipality30,47128,3201.40%109.6427820
Compostelamunicipality47,89842,5742.27%53.9088917
Consolacionmunicipality131,528106,6494.07%37.033,55221
Cordovamunicipality59,71250,3533.30%17.153,48213
Daanbantayanmunicipality84,43074,8972.31%92.2791520
Dalaguetemunicipality67,49763,2391.25%154.9643633
Danaocity (CC)136,471119,2522.60%107.301,27242
Dumanjugmunicipality51,21046,7541.75%85.5359937
Ginatilanmunicipality15,91915,3270.72%70.1022714
Liloanmunicipality118,753100,5003.23%45.922,58614
Madridejosmunicipality36,42934,9050.82%23.951,52114
Malabuyocmunicipality19,37318,4260.96%69.2728014
Medellinmunicipality55,33250,0471.93%73.1975619
Minglanillamunicipality132,135113,1782.99%65.602,01419
Moalboalmunicipality31,13027,6762.26%124.8624915
Nagacity (CC)115,750101,5712.52%101.971,13528
Oslobmunicipality27,89326,1161.26%134.7520721
Pilarmunicipality11,30811,564-0.43%32.4234913
Pinamungajanmunicipality65,95557,9972.48%109.1660426
Poromunicipality25,21223,4981.35%63.5939617
Rondamunicipality20,36018,5821.76%57.1035714
Samboanmunicipality20,88418,6132.22%45.1646215
San Fernandomunicipality66,28060,9701.60%69.3995521
San Franciscomunicipality55,18047,3572.95%106.9351615
San Remigiomunicipality57,55751,3942.18%95.2760427
Santa Femunicipality28,60327,2700.91%28.051,02010
Santandermunicipality17,85716,1051.99%29.5360510
Sibongamunicipality48,18643,6411.90%133.4536125
Sogodmunicipality35,10830,6262.63%119.2329418
Tabogonmunicipality39,01333,0243.22%101.3538525
Tabuelanmunicipality25,63022,2922.69%141.1318212
Talisaycity (CC)227,645200,7722.42%39.875,71022
Toledocity (CC)170,335157,0781.55%216.2878838
Tuburanmunicipality63,86658,9141.55%224.5028454
Tudelamunicipality11,2969,8592.62%33.0234211
Cebu Total2,938,9822,619,3622.22%4,943.725941,066

Economy

According to the Bureau of Local Government Finance, the annual regular revenue of Cebu for the fiscal year of 2016 was 3,068,242,643.24.

details
Fiscal YearAnnual Regular IncomeChange
20091,686,096,319.15
20101,792,094,858.426.29%
20111,983,665,242.5910.69%
20121,895,361,909.63-4.45%
20132,209,380,437.9016.57%
20142,414,594,998.579.29%
20152,775,218,466.2114.94%
20163,068,242,643.2410.56%

End notes:

  • Annual Regular Income = Locally Sourced Revenue + Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Current Year + Other Shares from National Tax Collection
  • Locally Sourced Revenue = Real Property Tax (General Fund) + Tax on Business + Other Taxes + Regulatory Fees + Service/User Charges + Receipts from Economic Enterprises

Demographics

Population by age group

According to the 2015 Census, the age group with the highest population in Cebu is 5 to 9, with 509,058 individuals. Conversely, the age group with the lowest population is 80 and over, with 34,799 individuals.

details
Age groupPopulation (2015)
Under 1107,788
1 to 4420,918
5 to 9509,058
10 to 14472,121
15 to 19455,633
20 to 24454,168
25 to 29397,871
30 to 34341,890
35 to 39300,145
40 to 44257,240
45 to 49226,721
50 to 54192,217
55 to 59156,910
60 to 64125,676
65 to 6984,992
70 to 7455,755
75 to 7938,457
80 and over34,799
Total4,632,359

Historical population

The population of Cebu grew from 1,003,874 in 1960 to 2,938,982 in 2015, an increase of 1,935,108 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 2.22%, or an increase of 319,620 people, from the previous population of 2,619,362 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
581,804
747,4891.60%
870,4040.76%
899,2560.34%
1,003,8740.97%
1,159,2191.42%
1,249,9971.52%
1,392,0082.17%
1,709,6212.08%
1,890,3571.90%
2,160,5692.91%
2,440,1201.69%
2,619,3622.61%
2,938,9822.22%

National roads

As of December 2016, the National Roads in Cebu as classified by the Department of Public Works and Highways are:

Primary Roads

  • AC Cortes Avenue
  • Cebu North Hagnaya Wharf Road
  • Cebu-Toledo Wharf Road (Uling-Toledo Wharf)
  • Mandaue Flyover
  • Mandaue-Mactan Road
  • N. Bacalso Avenue (Cebu South Road)
  • Naga-Uling Road
  • Pajo-Basak Marigondon Road
  • UN Avenue (CB)

Secondary Roads

  • Antonio y De Pio Highway
  • Cansaga Bay Bridge
  • Carcar-Barili Road
  • Carcar-Barili-Mantayupan Road
  • Cebu South Coastal Road
  • Cebu-Balamban Transcentral Highway
  • Cebu-Toledo Wharf Road (Junction Naga-Uling)
  • Consolacion-Tayud-Liloan Road
  • Mactan Airport Road
  • Mactan Circumferential Road
  • Mandaue Causeway (Ouano Avenue)
  • Marcelo B Fernan Viaduct
  • Marcelo B. Fernan Br. & Approaches
  • Santander-Barili-Toledo Road
  • Terminal Bldg. Access Road
  • Toledo-Pinamungahan-Aloguinsan-Mantalongon Road
  • Toledo-Tabuelan-San Remigio Road

Tertiary Roads

  • Argao-Moalboal Road
  • Argao-Ronda Road
  • AS Fortuna Street
  • Barili-Mantayupan Road
  • Bogo-Curva-Medellin-Daanbantayan-Maya Road
  • Bogo-Polambato Wharf Road
  • Canduman-Cebu North Road
  • Cebu North Hagnaya Wharf Road (Old Route)
  • Dalaguete-Mantalongon Badian Road
  • F. Cabahug Street
  • Ferry Landing Road
  • Hernan Cortes Street
  • M. Logarta Road
  • Marcelo B. Fernan Br. access Road to and from Mini Park
  • ML Quezon Street
  • Opon-Airport Road
  • Pinamungahan Cadre Road
  • Sibonga-Dumanjug Road
  • Sogod-Tabuelan Road
  • Subang Daku Flyover
  • Tabunok Flyover
  • Tapal (Carcar) Zaragosa-Olango-Aloguinsan Road

National rankings

  • Population (2015): 2,938,982, ranked 5 out of 81
  • Land area (2007): 1,908.78 square kilometers, ranked 22 out of 81
  • Population density (2015): 594 inhabitants per square kilometer, ranked 7 out of 81
  • Annual population growth rate (2010 to 2015): 2.22%, ranked 10 out of 81

Notes

  1. Unless otherwise specified, population count (excluding percentages) and land area figures are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
  3. Data on annual regular income is from the Bureau of Local Government Finance, Department of Finance
  4. Data on National Roads is from the Department of Public Works and Highways.
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