Cities of the Philippines

Map of the Philippines highlighting the location of cities (city center coordinates)

Cities in the Philippines are classified into highly urbanized cities, or component cities. All totaling thirty-three (33), the highly urbanized cities (HUCs) have a minimum population of 200,000 and an annual income of at least fifty million Philippine pesos (50 M). Those cities that do not meet the above requirements are the component cities. The component cities are considered part of the province where they are located. However, there are also cities that are further classified as independent component cities. Their charters prohibit their voters from voting for elective provincial officials and they are independent of the provinces where they are located. There are 108 component cities and only five (5) independent component cities in the Philippines. The latter category are Dagupan in Pangasinan, Naga in Camarines Sur, Ormoc in Leyte, Santiago in Isabela, and Cotabato City.

A component city is created by an Act of Congress and duly ratified by the affected voting population in a plebiscite. The requisites for its creation are an average annual income of at least twenty million Philippine pesos (20 M) for the last two (2) consecutive years, and either of the following:

  • a contiguous territory of at least 100 square kilometers, or
  • a minimum population of 150,000

As regards a highly urbanized city, only the President can declare its creation subject to the approval of the majority of the affected electorate in a plebiscite.

The elected officials of the city government are the Mayor who is the chief executive, the Vice-Mayor, and the Sangguniang Panlungsod members. There are also appointive officials in charge of the various offices in the city government.

List of cities

Highly urbanized cities (33)
Independent component cities (5)
Component cities (108)

Statistics

Based on the 2020 census, the cities with the highest population are Quezon City (2,960,048), Manila (1,846,513), and Davao City (1,776,949). For component cities, the most populated are Antipolo (887,399), Dasmariñas (703,141), and Bacoor (664,625). Those with the lowest population are Palayan (45,383), Vigan (53,935), and Batac (55,484).

By land area, the largest are Davao City (2,443.61 km2 or 943.48 sq mi), Puerto Princesa (2,381.02 km2 or 919.32 sq mi), and Zamboanga City (1,414.70 km2 or 546.22 sq mi), while the smallest are San Juan (5.95 km2 or 2.30 sq mi), Navotas (8.94 km2 or 3.45 sq mi), and Mandaluyong (9.29 km2 or 3.59 sq mi).

details
City Population (2020) Area (2013, km2) Population density (2020, /km2) Barangay count Border type Province / associated province
Alaminos99,397164.2660539coastalPangasinan
Angeles462,92863.377,30533landlockedPampanga
Antipolo887,399306.102,89916landlockedRizal
Bacolod600,783160.713,73861coastalNegros Occidental
Bacoor664,62546.1714,39573coastalCavite
Bago191,210371.8051424coastalNegros Occidental
Baguio366,35857.516,370129landlockedBenguet
Bais84,317319.6426435coastalNegros Oriental
Balanga104,173111.6393325coastalBataan
Batac55,484161.0634443landlockedIlocos Norte
Batangas City351,437282.961,242105coastalBatangas
Bayawan122,747699.0817628coastalNegros Oriental
Baybay111,848459.3424392coastalLeyte
Bayugan109,499688.7715943landlockedAgusan del Sur
Bislig99,290331.8029924coastalSurigao del Sur
Biñan407,43740.2710,11824landlockedLaguna
Bogo88,867103.5285829coastalCebu
Borongan71,961475.0015161coastalEastern Samar
Butuan372,910816.6245786coastalAgusan del Norte
Cabadbaran80,354311.0225831coastalAgusan del Norte
Cabanatuan327,325282.751,15889landlockedNueva Ecija
Cabuyao355,33043.308,20618landlockedLaguna
Cadiz158,544524.5730222coastalNegros Occidental
Cagayan de Oro728,402412.801,76580coastalMisamis Oriental
Calamba539,671149.503,61054landlockedLaguna
Calapan145,786250.0658362coastalOriental Mindoro
Calbayog186,960880.74212157coastalSamar
Caloocan1,661,58455.8029,777188landlocked
Candon61,432103.2859542coastalIlocos Sur
Canlaon58,822170.9334412landlockedNegros Oriental
Carcar136,453116.781,16815coastalCebu
Catbalogan106,440274.2238857coastalSamar
Cauayan143,403336.4042665landlockedIsabela
Cavite City100,67410.899,24584coastalCavite
Cebu City964,169315.003,06180coastalCebu
Cotabato City325,079176.001,84737coastalMaguindanao
Dagupan174,30237.234,68231coastalPangasinan
Danao156,321107.301,45742coastalCebu
Dapitan85,202390.5321850coastalZamboanga del Norte
Dasmariñas703,14190.137,80175landlockedCavite
Davao City1,776,9492,443.61727182coastalDavao del Sur
Digos188,376287.1065626coastalDavao del Sur
Dipolog138,141241.1357321coastalZamboanga del Norte
Dumaguete134,10333.623,98930coastalNegros Oriental
El Salvador58,771106.1555415coastalMisamis Oriental
Escalante96,159192.7649921coastalNegros Occidental
Gapan122,968164.4474823landlockedNueva Ecija
General Santos697,315492.861,41526coastalSouth Cotabato
General Trias450,58390.015,00633landlockedCavite
Gingoog136,698568.4424079coastalMisamis Oriental
Guihulngan102,656388.5626433coastalNegros Oriental
Himamaylan116,240367.0431719coastalNegros Occidental
Ilagan158,2181,166.2613691coastalIsabela
Iligan363,115813.3744644coastalLanao del Norte
Iloilo City457,62678.345,842180coastalIloilo
Imus496,794171.662,89497landlockedCavite
Iriga114,457137.3583336landlockedCamarines Sur
Isabela City130,379223.7358345coastalBasilan
Kabankalan200,198699.2728632coastalNegros Occidental
Kidapawan160,791358.4744940landlockedCotabato
Koronadal195,398277.0070527landlockedSouth Cotabato
La Carlota66,664137.2948614landlockedNegros Occidental
Lamitan100,150354.4528345coastalBasilan
Laoag111,651116.0896280coastalIlocos Norte
Lapu-Lapu497,60458.108,56530coastalCebu
Las Piñas606,29332.6918,54720coastal
Legazpi209,533161.611,29770coastalAlbay
Ligao118,096246.7547955coastalAlbay
Lipa372,931209.401,78172landlockedBatangas
Lucena278,92480.213,47733coastalQuezon
Maasin87,446211.7141370coastalSouthern Leyte
Mabalacat293,24482.203,56727landlockedPampanga
Makati629,61621.5729,18933landlocked
Malabon380,52215.7124,22221landlocked
Malaybalay190,712969.1919746landlockedBukidnon
Malolos261,18967.253,88451coastalBulacan
Mandaluyong425,7589.2945,83027landlocked
Mandaue364,11625.1814,46127coastalCebu
Manila1,846,51324.9873,920897coastal
Marawi207,01087.552,36496landlockedLanao del Sur
Marikina456,05921.5221,19216landlocked
Masbate City104,522188.0055630coastalMasbate
Mati147,547588.6325126coastalDavao Oriental
Meycauayan225,67332.107,03026landlockedBulacan
Muntinlupa543,44539.7513,6729landlocked
Muñoz84,308163.0551737landlockedNueva Ecija
Naga209,17077.402,70227landlockedCamarines Sur
Naga133,184101.971,30628coastalCebu
Navotas247,5438.9427,68918coastal
Olongapo260,317185.001,40717coastalZambales
Ormoc230,998613.60376110coastalLeyte
Oroquieta72,301237.8830447coastalMisamis Occidental
Ozamiz140,334169.9582651coastalMisamis Occidental
Pagadian210,452378.8055654coastalZamboanga del Sur
Palayan45,383101.4044819landlockedNueva Ecija
Panabo209,230251.2383340coastalDavao del Norte
Parañaque689,99246.5714,81616coastal
Pasay440,65613.9731,543201coastal
Pasig803,15948.4616,57430landlocked
Passi88,873251.3935451landlockedIloilo
Puerto Princesa307,0792,381.0212966coastalPalawan
Quezon City2,960,048171.7117,239142landlocked
Roxas City179,29295.071,88647coastalCapiz
Sagay148,894330.3445125coastalNegros Occidental
Samal116,771301.3038846coastalDavao del Norte
San Carlos132,650451.5029418coastalNegros Occidental
San Carlos205,424169.031,21586landlockedPangasinan
San Fernando125,640102.721,22359coastalLa Union
San Fernando354,66667.745,23635landlockedPampanga
San Jose150,917185.9981138landlockedNueva Ecija
San Jose del Monte651,813105.536,17759landlockedBulacan
San Juan126,3475.9521,23521landlocked
San Pablo285,348197.561,44480landlockedLaguna
San Pedro326,00124.0513,55527landlockedLaguna
Santa Rosa414,81254.847,56418landlockedLaguna
Santiago148,580255.5058237landlockedIsabela
Santo Tomas218,50095.412,29030landlockedBatangas
Silay130,478220.2159316coastalNegros Occidental
Sipalay72,448379.7819117coastalNegros Occidental
Sorsogon City182,237276.1166064coastalSorsogon
Surigao City171,107173.9198454coastalSurigao del Norte
Tabaco140,961117.141,20347coastalAlbay
Tabuk121,033700.2517343landlockedKalinga
Tacloban251,881201.721,249138coastalLeyte
Tacurong109,319153.4071320landlockedSultan Kudarat
Tagaytay85,33065.001,31334landlockedCavite
Tagbilaran104,97636.502,87615coastalBohol
Taguig886,72245.2119,61328landlocked
Tagum296,202195.801,51323coastalDavao del Norte
Talisay263,04839.876,59822coastalCebu
Talisay108,909201.1854127coastalNegros Occidental
Tanauan193,936107.161,81048landlockedBatangas
Tandag62,669291.7321521coastalSurigao del Sur
Tangub68,389162.7842055coastalMisamis Occidental
Tanjay82,642276.0529924coastalNegros Oriental
Tarlac City385,398274.661,40376landlockedTarlac
Tayabas112,658230.9548866landlockedQuezon
Toledo207,314216.2895938coastalCebu
Trece Martires210,50339.105,38413landlockedCavite
Tuguegarao166,334144.801,14949landlockedCagayan
Urdaneta144,57798.211,47234landlockedPangasinan
Valencia216,546587.2936931landlockedBukidnon
Valenzuela714,97847.0215,20633landlocked
Victorias90,101133.9267326coastalNegros Occidental
Vigan53,93525.122,14739coastalIlocos Sur
Zamboanga City977,2341,414.7069198coastalZamboanga del Sur

Sources

  1. The Local Government Code of the Philippines
  2. Data on population and land area are from the Philippine Statistics Authority
  3. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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