Cities

Map of the Philippines highlighting the location of cities (city center coordinates)

Cities in the Philippines are classified into highly urbanized cities, or component cities. All totaling thirty-three (33), the highly urbanized cities (HUCs) have a minimum population of 200,000 and an annual income of at least fifty million Philippine pesos (50 M). Those cities that do not meet the above requirements are the component cities. The component cities are considered part of the province where they are located. However, there are also cities that are further classified as independent component cities. Their charters prohibit their voters from voting for elective provincial officials and they are independent of the provinces where they are located. There are 107 component cities and only five (5) independent component cities in the Philippines. The latter category are Dagupan in Pangasinan, Naga in Camarines Sur, Ormoc in Leyte, Santiago in Isabela, and Cotabato City.

A component city is created by an Act of Congress and duly ratified by the affected voting population in a plebiscite. The requisites for its creation are an average annual income of at least twenty million Philippine pesos (20 M) for the last two (2) consecutive years, and either of the following:

  • a contiguous territory of at least 100 square kilometers, or
  • a minimum population of 150,000

As regards a highly urbanized city, only the President can declare its creation subject to the approval of the majority of the affected electorate in a plebiscite.

The elected officials of the city government are the Mayor who is the chief executive, the Vice-Mayor, and the Sangguniang Panlungsod members. There are also appointive officials in charge of the various offices in the city government.

List of cities

Highly urbanized cities (33)
Independent component cities (5)
Component cities (107)

Statistics

Based on the 2015 census, the cities with the highest population are Quezon City (2,936,116), Manila (1,780,148), and Davao City (1,632,991). For component cities, the most populated are Antipolo (776,386), Dasmariñas (659,019), and Bacoor (600,609). Those with the lowest population are Palayan (41,041), El Salvador (50,204), and Vigan (53,879).

By land area, the largest are Davao City (2,443.61 km2 or 943.48 sq mi), Puerto Princesa (2,381.02 km2 or 919.32 sq mi), and Zamboanga City (1,414.70 km2 or 546.22 sq mi), while the smallest are San Juan (5.95 km2 or 2.30 sq mi), Navotas (10.77 km2 or 4.16 sq mi), and Cavite City (10.89 km2 or 4.20 sq mi).

City Population (2015) Area (2007, km2) Population density (2015, /km2) Barangay count Border type Province
Alaminos89,708164.2654639coastalPangasinan
Angeles411,63460.276,83033landlockedPampanga
Antipolo776,386306.102,53616landlockedRizal
Bacolod561,875162.673,45461coastalNegros Occidental
Bacoor600,60946.1713,00973coastalCavite
Bago170,981401.2042624coastalNegros Occidental
Baguio345,36657.516,005129landlockedBenguet
Bais76,291319.6423935coastalNegros Oriental
Balanga96,061111.6386125coastalBataan
Batac55,201161.0634343landlockedIlocos Norte
Batangas City329,874282.961,166105coastalBatangas
Bayawan117,900699.0816928coastalNegros Oriental
Baybay109,432459.3423892coastalLeyte
Bayugan103,202688.7715043landlockedAgusan del Sur
Bislig94,535331.8028524coastalSurigao del Sur
Biñan333,02843.507,65624landlockedLaguna
Bogo78,120103.5275529coastalCebu
Borongan69,297475.0014661coastalEastern Samar
Butuan337,063816.6241386coastalAgusan del Norte
Cabadbaran73,639214.4434331coastalAgusan del Norte
Cabanatuan302,231192.291,57289landlockedNueva Ecija
Cabuyao308,74543.307,13018landlockedLaguna
Cadiz154,723524.5729522coastalNegros Occidental
Cagayan de Oro675,950412.801,63780coastalMisamis Oriental
Calamba454,486149.503,04054landlockedLaguna
Calapan133,893250.0653562coastalOriental Mindoro
Calbayog183,851880.74209157coastalSamar
Caloocan1,583,97855.8028,387188landlocked
Candon60,623103.2858742coastalIlocos Sur
Canlaon54,509170.9331912landlockedNegros Oriental
Carcar119,664116.781,02515coastalCebu
Catbalogan103,879274.2237957coastalSamar
Cauayan129,523336.4038565landlockedIsabela
Cavite City102,80610.899,44084coastalCavite
Cebu City922,611315.002,92980coastalCebu
Cotabato City299,438176.001,70137coastalMaguindanao
Dagupan171,27137.234,60031coastalPangasinan
Danao136,471107.301,27242coastalCebu
Dapitan82,418390.5321150coastalZamboanga del Norte
Dasmariñas659,01990.137,31275landlockedCavite
Davao City1,632,9912,443.61668182coastalDavao del Sur
Digos169,393287.1059026coastalDavao del Sur
Dipolog130,759241.1354221coastalZamboanga del Norte
Dumaguete131,37733.623,90830coastalNegros Oriental
El Salvador50,204106.1547315coastalMisamis Oriental
Escalante94,070192.7648821coastalNegros Occidental
Gapan110,303164.4467123landlockedNueva Ecija
General Santos594,446492.861,20626coastalSouth Cotabato
General Trias314,30381.463,85833landlockedCavite
Gingoog124,648568.4421979coastalMisamis Oriental
Guihulngan95,969388.5624733coastalNegros Oriental
Himamaylan106,880367.0429119coastalNegros Occidental
Ilagan145,5681,166.2612591coastalIsabela
Iligan342,618813.3742144coastalLanao del Norte
Iloilo City447,99278.345,719180coastalIloilo
Imus403,785171.662,35297landlockedCavite
Iriga111,757137.3581436landlockedCamarines Sur
Isabela City112,788223.7350445coastalBasilan
Kabankalan181,977697.3526132coastalNegros Occidental
Kidapawan140,195358.4739140landlockedCotabato
Koronadal174,942277.0063227landlockedSouth Cotabato
La Carlota64,469137.2947014landlockedNegros Occidental
Lamitan74,78245coastalBasilan
Laoag111,125116.0895780coastalIlocos Norte
Lapu-Lapu408,11258.107,02430coastalCebu
Las Piñas588,89432.6918,01420coastal
Legazpi196,639153.701,27970coastalAlbay
Ligao111,399246.7545155coastalAlbay
Lipa332,386209.401,58772landlockedBatangas
Lucena266,24880.213,31933coastalQuezon
Maasin85,560211.7140470coastalSouthern Leyte
Mabalacat250,79983.183,01527landlockedPampanga
Makati582,60221.5727,01033landlocked
Malabon365,52515.7123,26721landlocked
Malaybalay174,625969.1918046landlockedBukidnon
Malolos252,07467.253,74851coastalBulacan
Mandaluyong386,27621.2618,16927landlocked
Mandaue362,65425.1814,40227coastalCebu
Manila1,780,14838.5546,178897coastal
Marawi201,78587.552,30596landlockedLanao del Sur
Marikina450,74121.5220,94516landlocked
Masbate City95,389188.0050730coastalMasbate
Mati141,141588.6324026coastalDavao Oriental
Meycauayan209,08332.106,51326landlockedBulacan
Muntinlupa504,50939.7512,6929landlocked
Muñoz81,483163.0550037landlockedNueva Ecija
Naga196,00384.482,32027landlockedCamarines Sur
Naga115,750101.971,13528coastalCebu
Navotas249,46310.7723,16318coastal
Olongapo233,040185.001,26017coastalZambales
Ormoc215,031613.60350110coastalLeyte
Oroquieta70,757237.8829747coastalMisamis Occidental
Ozamiz141,828169.9583551coastalMisamis Occidental
Pagadian199,060378.8052654coastalZamboanga del Sur
Palayan41,041101.4040519landlockedNueva Ecija
Panabo184,599251.2373540coastalDavao del Norte
Parañaque665,82247.6913,96116coastal
Pasay416,52213.9729,815201coastal
Pasig755,30031.0024,36530landlocked
Passi80,544251.3932051landlockedIloilo
Puerto Princesa255,1162,381.0210766coastalPalawan
Quezon City2,936,116166.2017,666142landlocked
Roxas City167,00395.071,75747coastalCapiz
Sagay146,264330.3444325coastalNegros Occidental
Samal104,123301.3034646coastalDavao del Norte
San Carlos132,536451.5029418coastalNegros Occidental
San Carlos188,571169.031,11686landlockedPangasinan
San Fernando121,812102.721,18659coastalLa Union
San Fernando306,65967.744,52735landlockedPampanga
San Jose139,738185.9975138landlockedNueva Ecija
San Jose del Monte574,089105.535,44059landlockedBulacan
San Juan122,1805.9520,53421landlocked
San Pablo266,068197.561,34780landlockedLaguna
San Pedro325,80924.0513,54727landlockedLaguna
Santa Rosa353,76754.846,45118landlockedLaguna
Santiago134,830255.5052837landlockedIsabela
Silay126,930214.8059116coastalNegros Occidental
Sipalay70,070379.7818517coastalNegros Occidental
Sorsogon City168,110276.1160964coastalSorsogon
Surigao City154,137245.3062854coastalSurigao del Norte
Tabaco133,868117.141,14347coastalAlbay
Tabuk110,642700.2515842landlockedKalinga
Tacloban242,089201.721,200138coastalLeyte
Tacurong98,316153.4064120landlockedSultan Kudarat
Tagaytay71,18165.001,09534landlockedCavite
Tagbilaran105,05136.502,87815coastalBohol
Taguig804,91553.6714,99728landlocked
Tagum259,444195.801,32523coastalDavao del Norte
Talisay227,64539.875,71022coastalCebu
Talisay102,214201.1850827coastalNegros Occidental
Tanauan173,366107.161,61848landlockedBatangas
Tandag56,364291.7319321coastalSurigao del Sur
Tangub63,011162.7838755coastalMisamis Occidental
Tanjay80,532276.0529224coastalNegros Oriental
Tarlac City342,493274.661,24776landlockedTarlac
Tayabas99,779230.9543266landlockedQuezon
Toledo170,335216.2878838coastalCebu
Trece Martires155,71339.103,98213landlockedCavite
Tuguegarao153,502144.801,06049landlockedCagayan
Urdaneta132,940100.261,32634landlockedPangasinan
Valencia192,993587.2932931landlockedBukidnon
Valenzuela620,42247.0213,19533landlocked
Victorias87,933133.9265726coastalNegros Occidental
Vigan53,87925.122,14539coastalIlocos Sur
Zamboanga City861,7991,414.7060998coastalZamboanga del Sur

Sources

  1. The Local Government Code of the Philippines
  2. Data on population and land area are from the Philippine Statistics Authority
  3. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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