Map of the Philippines highlighting the location of municipalities (town center coordinates)

The municipalities in the Philippines total 1,489 in all. A municipality is created by an Act of Congress subject to the approval of the majority of the affected electorate in a plebiscite. The requisites for its creation are the following:

  • an average annual income of at least 2.5 million Philippine pesos (2.5 M) for the last two (2) consecutive years;
  • a population of at least 25,000; and
  • a contiguous territory of at least 50 square kilometers.

The elected officials of the municipal government are the Mayor who is the chief executive, the Vice-Mayor, and the Sangguniang Bayan members. There are also appointive officials in charge of the various offices in the municipal government.

List of municipalities



Based on the 2015 census, the municipalities with the highest population are Rodriguez (369,222), Cainta (322,128), and Taytay (319,104). Those with the lowest population are Kalayaan (184), Uyugan (1,297), and Ivana (1,327).

By land area, the largest are Sablayan  (2,188.80 km2 or 845.10 sq mi), La Paz (1,481.12 km2 or 571.86 sq mi), and San Mariano (1,469.50 km2 or 567.38 sq mi), while the smallest are Camaligan (4.68 km2 or 1.81 sq mi), Limasawa (6.98 km2 or 2.69 sq mi), and Tunga (7.70 km2 or 2.97 sq mi).

Furthermore, the municipalities with the highest number of barangays are Miagao (119), Lopez (95), Leon (85), and San Joaquin (85). Those with the least are Adams (1), Kalayaan (1), Turtle Islands (2), and Dumalneg (2).


  1. The Local Government Code of the Philippines
  2. Data on population and land area are from the Philippine Statistics Authority
  3. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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