Provinces

Map of the Philippines highlighting the provinces

There are eighty-one (81) provinces in the Philippines – thirty-eight (38) in Luzon, twenty-seven (27) in the Visayas, and sixteen (16) in Mindanao. A province is created by an Act of Congress and duly ratified by the affected voting population in a plebiscite. The requisites for its creation are an average annual income of at least 20 million Philippine Pesos (20 M), and either of the following:

  • a contiguous territory of at least 2,000 square kilometers, or
  • a minimum population of 250,000

The elected officials of the provincial government are the Governor who is the chief executive, the Vice-Governor, and the Sangguniang Panlalawigan members. There are also appointive officials in charge of the various offices in the provincial government.

A municipality or city is designated as the capital which is the seat of the provincial government.

List of provinces

Statistics

Based on the 2015 census, the provinces with the highest population (excluding highly urbanized cities) are Cavite (3,678,301), Bulacan (3,292,071), and Laguna (3,035,081). If highly urbanized cities are included in the provincial population, Cebu province (including the cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue) is the most populated (4,632,359). Those with the lowest population are Batanes (17,246), Camiguin (88,478), and Siquijor (95,984).

By land area, the largest are Palawan (14,649.73 km2 or 5,656.29 sq mi), Lanao del Sur (13,494.37 km2 or 5,210.21 sq mi), and Isabela (12,414.93 km2 or 4,793.43 sq mi), while the smallest are Batanes (219.01 km2 or 84.56 sq mi), Camiguin (237.95 km2 or 91.87 sq mi), and Siquijor (337.49 km2 or 130.31 sq mi).

Province Population (2015) Area (2007, km2) Population density (2015, /km2) City count Mun. count Bgy. count Border type Region
Abra241,1604,165.2558027303landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Agusan del Norte354,5032,730.24130110167coastalRegion XIII (Caraga)
Agusan del Sur700,6539,989.5270113314landlockedRegion XIII (Caraga)
Aklan574,8231,821.42316017327coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Albay1,314,8262,575.77510315720coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
Antique582,0122,729.17213018590coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Apayao119,1844,413.352707133landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Aurora214,3363,147.326808151coastalRegion III (Central Luzon)
Basilan346,5793,224.47107211210coastalARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)
Bataan760,6501,372.98554111237coastalRegion III (Central Luzon)
Batanes17,246219.01790629coastalRegion II (Cagayan Valley)
Batangas2,694,3353,119.758643311,078coastalRegion IV-A (CALABARZON)
Benguet444,2242,769.08160013140landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Biliran171,612536.0132008132coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Bohol1,313,5604,820.952721471,109coastalRegion VII (Central Visayas)
Bukidnon1,415,22610,498.59135220464landlockedRegion X (Northern Mindanao)
Bulacan3,292,0712,796.101,177321569coastalRegion III (Central Luzon)
Cagayan1,199,3209,295.75129128820coastalRegion II (Cagayan Valley)
Camarines Norte583,3132,320.07251012282coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
Camarines Sur1,952,5445,497.033552351,063coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
Camiguin88,478237.953720558coastalRegion X (Northern Mindanao)
Capiz761,3842,594.64293116473coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Catanduanes260,9641,492.16175011315coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
Cavite3,678,3011,574.172,337616829coastalRegion IV-A (CALABARZON)
Cebu2,938,9824,943.725946441,066coastalRegion VII (Central Visayas)
Compostela Valley736,1074,479.77164011237coastalRegion XI (Davao Region)
Cotabato1,379,7479,008.90153117543landlockedRegion XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)
Davao del Norte1,016,3323,426.9729738223coastalRegion XI (Davao Region)
Davao del Sur632,5882,163.9829219232coastalRegion XI (Davao Region)
Davao Occidental316,3422,163.4514605105coastalRegion XI (Davao Region)
Davao Oriental558,9585,679.6498110183coastalRegion XI (Davao Region)
Dinagat Islands127,1521,036.3412307100coastalRegion XIII (Caraga)
Eastern Samar467,1604,660.47100122597coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Guimaras174,613604.572890598coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Ifugao202,8022,628.2177011176landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Ilocos Norte593,0813,467.89171221559coastalRegion I (Ilocos Region)
Ilocos Sur689,6682,596.00266232768coastalRegion I (Ilocos Region)
Iloilo1,936,4235,000.833871421,721coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Isabela1,593,56612,414.931283341,055coastalRegion II (Cagayan Valley)
Kalinga212,6803,231.256617152landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
La Union786,6531,497.70525119576coastalRegion I (Ilocos Region)
Laguna3,035,0811,917.851,583524681landlockedRegion IV-A (CALABARZON)
Lanao del Norte676,3953,346.57202022462coastalRegion X (Northern Mindanao)
Lanao del Sur1,045,42913,494.37771391,159coastalARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)
Leyte1,724,6796,313.332732401,503coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Maguindanao1,173,9339,729.04121036508coastalARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)
Marinduque234,521952.5824606218coastalMIMAROPA
Masbate892,3934,151.78215120550coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
Misamis Occidental602,1262,055.22293314490coastalRegion X (Northern Mindanao)
Misamis Oriental888,5093,131.52284223424coastalRegion X (Northern Mindanao)
Mountain Province154,5902,157.3872010144landlockedCAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Negros Occidental2,497,2617,802.543201219601coastalRegion VI (Western Visayas)
Negros Oriental1,354,9955,385.53252619557coastalRegion VII (Central Visayas)
Northern Samar632,3793,692.93171024569coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Nueva Ecija2,151,4615,751.33374527849landlockedRegion III (Central Luzon)
Nueva Vizcaya452,2873,975.67114015275landlockedRegion II (Cagayan Valley)
Occidental Mindoro487,4145,865.7183011164coastalMIMAROPA
Oriental Mindoro844,0594,238.38199114426coastalMIMAROPA
Palawan849,46914,649.7358023367coastalMIMAROPA
Pampanga2,198,1102,002.201,098219505coastalRegion III (Central Luzon)
Pangasinan2,956,7265,451.015424441,364coastalRegion I (Ilocos Region)
Quezon1,856,5828,989.392071391,209coastalRegion IV-A (CALABARZON)
Quirino188,9912,323.478106132landlockedRegion II (Cagayan Valley)
Rizal2,884,2271,191.942,420113189landlockedRegion IV-A (CALABARZON)
Romblon292,7811,533.45191017219coastalMIMAROPA
Samar780,4816,048.03129224951coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Sarangani544,2613,601.2515107141coastalRegion XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)
Siquijor95,984337.4928406134coastalRegion VII (Central Visayas)
Sorsogon792,9492,119.01374114541coastalRegion V (Bicol Region)
South Cotabato915,2893,935.95233110199coastalRegion XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)
Southern Leyte421,7501,798.61234118500coastalRegion VIII (Eastern Visayas)
Sultan Kudarat812,0955,298.34153111249coastalRegion XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)
Sulu824,7313,436.99240019410coastalARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)
Surigao del Norte485,0881,972.93246120335coastalRegion XIII (Caraga)
Surigao del Sur592,2504,932.70120217309coastalRegion XIII (Caraga)
Tarlac1,366,0273,053.60447117511landlockedRegion III (Central Luzon)
Tawi-Tawi390,7153,626.55108011203coastalARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)
Zambales590,8483,645.83162013230coastalRegion III (Central Luzon)
Zamboanga del Norte1,011,3937,301.00139225691coastalRegion IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)
Zamboanga del Sur1,010,6744,499.46225126681coastalRegion IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)
Zamboanga Sibugay633,1293,607.75175016389coastalRegion IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)

Sources

  1. The Local Government Code of the Philippines
  2. Data on population and land area are from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  3. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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