|Island groups||Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao|
|Total administrative divisions (as of 2015)|
|Area||300,000 km2 (115,830.65 sq. mi)|
|Coastline length||36,289 km (22,548.94 mi)|
|Density (2015)||337 per km2 (872 per sq. mi)|
The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, and also called the Pearl of the Orient Seas, is a country located in Southeast Asia. It consists of approximately 7,641 islands grouped into Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Its capital is Manila which is situated more or less in the center of Luzon island, the nation's largest.
A country completely enclosed by water bodies, the Philippines has endless supply of beaches. According to the CIA World Factbook, the Philippines has a total coastline of 36,289 kilometers or 22,548.94 miles, which is the third sovereign country/state with the longest coastline in Asia, next to Indonesia and Russia, and fifth in the entire world..
The Philippine Islands are surrounded by the Philippine Sea (which is part of the great Pacific Ocean) to the east, the South China Sea (also known as the West Philippine Sea) to the west, the Sulu Sea to the southeast, and the Celebes Sea to the south.
The Philippines has a total area of 300,000 square kilometers (115,830.65 square miles). Its latest population count (2015 Census) is 100,979,303, with an average population growth rate computed at 1.72% from its previous population of 92,335,113 in 2010. The population density is 337 inhabitants per square kilometer or 872 per square mile.
Due to its location close to the equator, the climate of the Philippines generally ranges from warm to hot most of the year with the exception of a few mountainous places having a cooler climate. The weather consists of the dry season and the wet or rainy season.
The Republic of the Philippines has a democratic system of government. The President is the head of the Executive branch, while the Senate and the House of Representatives occupy the Legislative branch. Finally, the Judiciary is made up of the Supreme Court and the lower courts. The Presidential Cabinet oversees the delivery of services such as education, health, infrastructure, social services, and others through the Regional offices, thus, the regional divisions.
On the other hand, the political and socio-economic governance of the Filipino people is basically done through the Local Government Units (LGUs), thus the provinces, cities, municipalities (also referred to as towns), and barangays. Each province is headed by the Governor, each city and town/municipality by the Mayor, and each barangay by the Punong Barangay or Barangay Captain.
List of regions
As of 2015, there are 17 regions in the Philippines.
|Region||Population (2015)||Regional center||Provinces||Total cities (HUC)||Total cities (ICC)||Total cities (CC)||Total mun||Total brgys|
|Ilocos Region (Region I)||5,026,128||San Fernando||0||1||8||116||3,265|
|Cagayan Valley (Region II)||3,451,410||Tuguegarao||0||1||3||89||2,311|
|Central Luzon (Region III)||11,218,177||San Fernando||2||0||12||116||3,102|
|CALABARZON (Region IV‑A)||14,414,774||Calamba||1||0||18||123||4,018|
|Bicol Region (Region V)||5,796,989||Legazpi||0||1||6||107||3,471|
|National Capital Region (NCR)||12,877,253||Manila||0||16||0||0||1||1,706|
|Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)||1,722,006||Baguio||1||0||1||75||1,176|
|Western Visayas (Region VI)||7,536,383||Iloilo City||2||0||14||117||4,051|
|Central Visayas (Region VII)||7,396,898||Cebu City||3||0||13||116||3,003|
|Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)||4,440,150||Tacloban||1||1||5||136||4,390|
|Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)||3,629,783||Pagadian||1||0||4||67||1,904|
|Northern Mindanao (Region X)||4,689,302||Cagayan de Oro||2||0||7||84||2,022|
|Davao Region (Region XI)||4,893,318||Davao City||1||0||5||43||1,162|
|SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)||4,545,276||Koronadal||1||1||3||45||1,195|
|Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)||3,781,387||Cotabato City||0||0||2||116||2,490|
|Caraga (Region XIII)||2,596,709||Butuan||1||0||5||67||1,311|
The population of the Philippines grew from 27,087,685 in 1960 to 100,981,437 in 2015, an increase of 73,893,752 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 1.72%, or an increase of 8,643,585 people, from the previous population of 92,337,852 in 2010.
|Census date||Population||Growth rate|
|1903 Mar 2||7,635,426||–|
|1918 Dec 31||10,314,310||1.92%|
|1939 Jan 1||16,000,303||2.22%|
|1948 Oct 1||19,234,182||1.91%|
|1960 Feb 15||27,087,685||3.06%|
|1995 Sep 1||68,616,536||2.32%|
|2007 Aug 1||88,548,366||2.04%|
|2015 Aug 1||100,981,437||1.72%|