Philippines

Summary data
Map of the Philippines showing its island groups
Island groupsLuzon, Visayas, Mindanao
Total administrative divisions (as of 2015)
Regions17
Provinces81
Cities145
Municipalities1,489
Barangays42,036
Area300,000 km2 (115,830.65 sq. mi)
Coastline length36,289 km (22,548.94 mi)
Population (2015)100,979,303
Density (2015)337 per km2 (872 per sq. mi)

The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, is a country located in Southeast Asia. It consists of approximately 7,641 islands grouped into Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Its capital is Manila which is situated more or less in the center of Luzon island, the nation's largest.

A country completely enclosed by water bodies, the Philippines has endless supply of beaches. According to the CIA World Factbook, this country of islands has a total coastline of 36,289 kilometers or 22,548.94 miles, which ranks as fifth longest in the world.

The Philippine Islands are surrounded by the Philippine Sea (which is part of the great Pacific Ocean) to the east, the South China Sea (also known as the West Philippine Sea) to the west, the Sulu Sea to the southeast, and the Celebes Sea to the south.

The Philippines has a total area of 300,000 square kilometers (115,830.65 square miles). Its latest population count (2015 Census) is 100,979,303, with an average population growth rate computed at 1.72% from its previous population of 92,335,113 in 2010. The population density is 337 inhabitants per square kilometer or 872 per square mile.

Due to its location close to the equator, the climate of the Philippines generally ranges from warm to hot most of the year with the exception of a few mountainous places having a cooler climate. The weather consists of the dry season and the wet or rainy season.

The Republic of the Philippines has a democratic system of government. The President is the head of the Executive branch, while the Senate and the House of Representatives occupy the Legislative branch. Finally, the Judiciary is made up of the Supreme Court and the lower courts. The Presidential Cabinet oversees the delivery of services such as education, health, infrastructure, social services, and others through the Regional offices, thus, the regional divisions.

On the other hand, the political and socio-economic governance of the Filipino people is basically done through the Local Government Units (LGUs), thus the provinces, cities, municipalities (also referred to as towns), and barangays. Each province is headed by the Governor, each city and town/municipality by the Mayor, and each barangay by the Punong Barangay or Barangay Captain.

List of regions

As of 2015, there are 17 regions in the Philippines.

details
RegionPopulation (2015)Regional centerProvincesTotal cities (HUC)Total cities (ICC)Total cities (CC)Total munTotal brgys
Ilocos Region (Region I)5,026,128San Fernando
4
0181163,265
Cagayan Valley (Region II)3,451,410Tuguegarao
5
013892,311
Central Luzon (Region III)11,218,177San Fernando
7
20121163,102
CALABARZON (Region IV‑A)14,414,774Calamba
5
10181234,018
Bicol Region (Region V)5,796,989Legazpi
6
0161073,471
National Capital Region (NCR)12,877,253Manila0160011,706
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)1,722,006Baguio
6
101751,176
MIMAROPA Region2,963,360Calapan
5
101711,459
Western Visayas (Region VI)7,536,383Iloilo City
6
2021174,051
Central Visayas (Region VII)7,396,898Cebu City
4
30131163,003
Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)4,440,150Tacloban
6
1151364,390
Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)3,629,783Pagadian
3
104671,904
Northern Mindanao (Region X)4,689,302Cagayan de Oro
5
207842,022
Davao Region (Region XI)4,893,318Davao City
5
105431,162
SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)4,545,276Koronadal
4
113451,195
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)3,781,387Cotabato City
5
0021162,490
Caraga (Region XIII)2,596,709Butuan
5
105671,311
Philippines Total100,979,303813351071,48942,036

Historical population

The population of the Philippines grew from 27,087,685 in 1960 to 100,981,437 in 2015, an increase of 73,893,752 people. The latest census figures in 2015 denote a positive growth rate of 1.72%, or an increase of 8,643,585 people, from the previous population of 92,337,852 in 2010.

details
Census datePopulationGrowth rate
1903 Mar 27,635,426
1918 Dec 3110,314,3101.92%
1939 Jan 116,000,3032.22%
1948 Oct 119,234,1821.91%
1960 Feb 1527,087,6853.06%
36,684,4863.01%
42,070,6602.79%
48,098,4602.71%
60,703,8102.36%
1995 Sep 168,616,5362.32%
76,506,9282.36%
2007 Aug 188,548,3662.04%
92,337,8521.54%
2015 Aug 1100,981,4371.72%

Sources

  1. Data on population and land area are derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority.
  2. Maps utilize OpenStreetMap data available under the Open Data Commons Open Database License.
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